Real Estate Transactions: A Beginner’s Guide

a house for sale

Real estate transactions are a complex process that can be rewarding for those who are interested in the industry. This article will cover everything from finding a realtor to getting financing for your new home!

When it comes to buying or selling a house, there are many facets to consider. It is a complex and lengthy process, but with the help of a real estate agent, it can be a breeze.

The parties who are involved in a real estate transaction are the buyer, the seller, the buyer’s agent, and the seller’s agent.

The basic steps of a real estate transaction are as follows:

1. Purchase Offer

Once you have found the property you want to buy, you will make a purchase offer. This offer is usually made in writing and will include the price you are willing to pay, as well as any contingencies that must be met before the sale can go through. Hire a real estate agent to help you with this process.

2. Negotiations

Once the seller has received your offer, they may accept it, reject it, or make a counteroffer. If they make a counteroffer, you will then have the option to accept, reject, or counter again. This back-and-forth can continue until both parties reach an agreement or one party decides to walk away from the deal.

3. Escrow Process

Once an agreement has been reached, the escrow process will begin. This is when a third party (usually a title company) holds onto the funds for the sale until all the conditions of the sale have been met. This ensures that everyone gets paid and that the house is in good condition before the sale is finalized.

4. Title Search

Prior to the sale being finalized, the title company will do a title search to make sure that the person selling the house actually has the right to sell it. They will also look for any liens or other issues that could prevent the sale from going through.

5. Hiring an Attorney

While not required, it is always a good idea to hire an attorney to help with the process of buying or selling a house. They can help to ensure that everything is done correctly and that you are getting the best deal possible.

6. Mortgage Process

mortgage papers

If you are taking out a mortgage to buy the property, the lender will need to approve the loan. This process can take several weeks, so it is important to start early. Pre-approval is a good way to ensure that you are getting the best rate possible. House and land packages can offer great value for money, so be sure to look into them when purchasing a property!

7. Clearing the Junk Fee

Junk fees are any extra fees that the seller may try to charge you. These can include things like home inspection fees, appraisal fees, and title insurance fees. You should never pay these fees without first negotiating with the seller.

8. Home and Pest Inspection

Before the sale is finalized, you will need to have a home inspection to make sure that the house is in good condition. You may also want to have a pest inspection if there are any concerns about termites or other pests.

9. Appraisal

If you are taking out a mortgage, the lender will require an appraisal of the property. This is to make sure that the house is worth the amount of money you are borrowing.

10. Final Walkthrough

Once everything else has been taken care of, you will do a final walkthrough of the property to make sure that it is in the same condition as when you made the offer. This is your last chance to back out of the sale if anything is wrong.

11. Closing

Closing is the process of finalizing a real estate transaction. This usually takes place at a title company and includes the signing of various documents and the payment of closing costs.

Closing costs vary but can include things like title insurance, appraisal fees, attorney fees, and deed recording fees. It is important to be aware of these costs so that you can plan accordingly.

12. Post-Closing Inspection

Once the sale has been finalized, you will have a limited time to do a final inspection of the property. This is to make sure that everything is in working order and that there are no hidden problems.

If anything is wrong, you may be able to negotiate with the seller to have it fixed.


Buying or selling a house can be a complex and daunting process. However, by following the tips in this article, you can make it as smooth as possible. We hope that you find this information helpful and that it allows you to make the best decision for your family!

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